The Colosseum in Rome, Italy, was a place where slave owners, nobles, and free people watched beasts or slaves fighting in the ancient Roman Empire. The Colosseum was built between 72 and 80 and is a symbol of ancient Roman civilization. The site is located in the center of Rome, the capital of Italy. It is south of Piazza Venezia, near the ancient Roman market. From the outside, it is a perfect circle; when overlooked, it is oval. It covers an area of about 20,000 square meters, the long axis is about 188 meters, the short axis is about 156 meters, the circumference is about 527 meters, and the wall is about 57 meters high. This huge building can accommodate nearly 90,000 Audience. In 1980, the Colosseum, as part of the historical center of Rome, was included in the "World Heritage List" as a cultural heritage by the UNESCO World Heritage Committee.
The Colosseum was built in 72 years by the Roman emperor Vepaxiang, who forced 80,000 Jewish and Arab prisoners who had become slaves to celebrate his victory in the conquest of Jerusalem. There is also a saying that selling the captive slaves to the local Romans gained a huge income and was able to support the huge expenditure for the construction of the Colosseum. And the people who actually built this building are more skilled architects and workers with professional knowledge. The Colosseum is the largest circular arena in ancient Rome. It was built between 72 and 80 AD by 40,000 prisoners of war in 8 years, and there are only remains. The Colosseum was built for barbaric slave owners and rogues to watch gladiatorial fights. In terms of function, scale, technology and artistic style, the Colosseum is one of the masterpieces of ancient Roman architecture.
The Colosseum can hold about 90,000 spectators. There are 3 levels of seats; the lower level, the middle level and the upper level. There is also a stand on the top level. This is for the lowest-ranking members of society: women, slaves and the poor. But even on other floors, seats are arranged according to social status and professional status: special boxes owned by royal family members and virgins who watch the flame. The elders in white and red-edged robes were sitting in the "choir" on the same floor; then the samurai and the commoners accordingly. People of different professions also have special seats, such as soldiers, writers, scholars and teachers, as well as eminent monks from abroad. Spectators enter the Colosseum from the 80 arch entrances on the first floor, and there are 160 exits all over the seats on each floor, called spits, through which spectators can pour in and out, chaos and People who are out of control can therefore be evacuated quickly.
Gladiator is the main show of the Colosseum and the peak of entertainment in the day. At that time, there was also a gladiator school specializing in training gladiators. The Colosseum provides funding for 4 gladiator schools. These 4 schools can accommodate 2000 gladiators. In fact, these gladiator schools are just a combination of training camps and prisons, because most of the gladiators are from the Roman Empire. Slaves and captives everywhere, they did not have any freedom and power, and lived at the bottom of society.
For the Roman nobles, the cruelest fighting was undoubtedly also their most exciting. Fighters carry halberds or short swords. Most fighters are slaves and prisoners. There are also people who come to fight voluntarily in order to make money. They are all specially trained. There are many types of fighting: the most famous is the duel. One side of this duel is a gladiator with a trident and a net. The opponent is a Roman warrior with a sword and a shield. The halberd killed him, and another gladiator, wearing a helmet, holding a short sword and shield, desperately chased the opponent who wanted to defeat him. In the end, the losing party must beg the people in the stands to show mercy. These audiences determine his fate. If they wave a handkerchief, he will be saved from death.