Civilization

Istanbul Hagia Sophia

Istanbul Hagia Sophia (Picture 1)

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The Hagia Sophia is located in Istanbul, Turkey today. It has a history of nearly 1,500 years and is famous for its huge dome. It is a Byzantine building. The Byzantine Empire, the Eastern Roman Empire, refers to the Roman Empire's orthodox regime after the division of the fourth century AD, and the empire of the eastern half of the territory. Hagia Sophia in Greek means the wisdom of God. The church was founded by Emperor Constantine as the god of wisdom, Sofia. It was built in 325 AD and was later damaged by war. In 537, Emperor Justinian rebuilt his martial arts as a court of Christianity. It lasted for nine centuries.

After the 7th century AD, there was a new Islamic civilization on the Arabian Peninsula, and then the Crusades came to Constantinople, but at this time the rulers were unable to stop the coalition and war against the city. Then the Turks came on stage and the Eastern Roman Empire officially ended. In 1453, Ottoman Turkey renamed Constantinople to Istanbul and changed the Sophia Cathedral to the Aya Sophia Mosque. In June 1453, Ottoman Sultan Mehmet II of Turkey entered Constantinople. He ordered all the Byzantine murals in the church to be covered with mortar. All Christian statues were also moved out and the cathedral was changed to a mosque. Four tall spires were also built around.

There were two churches destroyed by riots in the place where the church stood. In 532 AD Byzantine Emperor Justinian I ordered the construction of the third church, Hagia Sophia. With the support of Byzantine's strong national strength, the church designed by the physicist Isidore's Isidore and the mathematician Tracy's Antimus completed its construction in 537 AD. The newly completed Hagia Sophia is the Basilica of the Orthodox Patriarch, and was replaced by the Cathedral of Seville in 1519. Hagia Sophia has been the largest church in the world.

In 1935, the first Turkish President and the founding father of Turkey, Mustafa Kemal Ataturk, transformed the Hagia Sophia into a museum. The carpet was removed, and the plaster covering the mosaic was painstakingly erased by the experts, and the ground accessories were displayed. After the museum became the Hagia Sophia church, it was renamed the Aya Sophia Museum. In fact, the museum's exhibits are mainly the building itself and the mosaic art. In 1985, the Istanbul Cultural District, home to the Hagia Sophia, was chosen by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site. From 1996 to 1998, the Aya Sofia Museum was also selected by the World Cultural Heritage Foundation as its top 100 heritage. Today's Aya Sophia Museum receives approximately 2.5 million foreign visitors each year.