Otto von Bismarck (April 1, 1815-July 30, 1898), the first prime minister of the German Empire, known as "Iron Prime Minister", "German Architect" and "German Navigator". Bismarck successively planned to launch the Putin, Pulau, and Franco-Prussian wars to eliminate the forces that hindered the unification of Germany. He assisted King William I in the Versailles Palace to complete his reunification. Bismarck is conservative and maintains autocracy; but he passed legislation to establish the world's earliest worker pension, health and medical insurance system, and social insurance. Bismarck was a diplomatic force, becoming a man of the day on the European political stage in the second half of the 19th century. Author of a memoir "Thinking and Recalling".
When he was 12 years old, Bismarck entered Frederick Williams College of Arts, but was still excluded by his classmates. However, he did not feel discouraged. Instead, he worked hard, learned English, French, Russian, Polish, and Dutch, making him a genius who masters many languages, and laid a solid foundation for his future diplomatic career. Bismarck loved language and history, and his linguistic genius was just beginning to emerge. Classical Latin and Greek are required courses. He learned English first, and two years later he was fluent in English and French; he could also speak Russian; he knew Dutch and Polish; and he knew a small language. He felt relaxed and happy while studying German history. He felt that many historical figures and events were interesting stories told by the old cowherd Brandt at the Kniphof estate as a child.
Bismarck became representative of the Kingdom of Prussia at the Confederation of Frankfurt in 1851 and was soon promoted to ambassador. He has been a full errand for 8 years. In 1857, King Frederick William IV of Prussia was mentally insane, so his brother Prince William was regent. After Prince William's regency, he immediately called Bismarck and appointed him as Ambassador to Russia. Prince William ascended the throne in 1861 and was named William I. Shortly after he ascended the throne, William I clashed with the parliament in expanding armaments. In desperation, only Bismarck was appointed internal minister.
In the spring of 1862, Bismarck returned to Berlin. Due to internal pressure, King Prussia could not promote him to Prime Minister. Bismarck resigned and was reassigned as ambassador to France. In the same year, in the new round of elections of the Prussian parliament, the liberals achieved an absolute victory and immediately rejected all the Prussian government's appropriations for military reform, and the government and parliament were at an impasse. In a major conflict, Bismarck became the only possible candidate for the prime minister. On September 23, 1862, William I recalled Bismarck and appointed him Prime Minister and Minister of Foreign Affairs.
Bismarck, who became prime minister in 1862, told the parliament firmly in his first speech to the House of Commons on September 26: "The major issues of our time cannot be solved through speeches and majority resolutions, but with iron and blood." Since then Bismarck has been nicknamed the "Iron Prime Minister." The king then said to Bismarck, "I know this ending very well. They will cut off your head at the window of my opera square, and later I will cut off my head." Bismarck responded: "Since sooner or later, Why not die decently? There is no difference between dying on a gallows or dying on the battlefield. We must fight to the end! "Since then, the king and his prime minister have formed a very special strong relationship. After Bismarck took office, he failed to resolve the conflict with Parliament. To this end, he intends to use the great cause of German reunification to divert the attention of parliamentarians and to win the support of the working class to counter the bourgeois liberals. Soon, he began planning three dynasties.
While Bismarck was prime minister of the Kingdom of Prussia, the Prussian War was waged and won in 1866. In 1870, the Franco-Prussian war was waged, defeating the French army. At the end of the year, the four German states joined the German Confederation and established the German Empire. Bismarck served as Prime Minister and Prime Minister of Prussia. Bismarck unified Germany from top to bottom through the "Iron Policy" and also helped the French Versailles government suppress the Paris Commune. He promulgated the "Anti-Socialist Extraordinary Law" internally and brutally suppressed the workers' movement; he tried to use the alliance policy to establish Germany's hegemony in Europe. In March 1890 Bismarck was fired by Kaiser Wilhelm II. Bismarck was duke of Lauenburg when he stepped down. He has since lived in Friedrichsruh near Hamburg, where he died in 1898. Shortly after Bismarck's death, Bismarck's political enemies quickly cleared his influence in politics, reforms were terminated, and Germany quickly moved towards militarism that he had worked hard to control and prevent during his lifetime.